What is Chronic Dry Eye

chronic dry eye

Chronic Dry Eye

A healthy eye produces an adequate amount of tears to keep the eyeball moisturized. Tears are made up of oil, water and mucus. Each of these is an important component in protecting the front of our eyes and keeping them comfortable. An oil layer helps prevent evaporation of water, while the mucin layer spreads the tears evenly over the eye. If the tears evaporate too quickly or do not spread evenly over the cornea due to issues with any of the tear layers, you will begin experiencing dry eye symptoms. Most people at some point will experience these symptoms, but people with chronic dry eyes experience symptoms almost daily.

What Causes Chronic Dry Eyes?

Causes of chronic dry eye depend on a variety of factors such as living in a dry climate, exposure to smoke and wind which increase the rate in which tears are evaporated. Women are also more likely to experience chornic dry eyes due to hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy and menopause. Medications such as antidepressants and high blood pressure medications are known to aggravate dry eyes. Age is another cause of dry eyes, most people over the age of 65 experience symptoms.

What are the Symptoms of Chronic Dry eyes?

If you’re experience chronic dry eyes you most likely feel your eyes heavy and out of focus most of the time. Additional symptoms are as follows:

  • Difficulty driving at night
  • Sore Eyes 
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Itching, burning
  • Gritty feeling, like there is sand in your eyes
  • Eye redness and eyelid soreness

How is Chronic Dry Eye diagnosed?
The only way to obtain a proper diagnosis is to be evaluated by a reputable eye doctor. It is important to find an eye care provider with the proper technology to make the most accurate diagnosis and match you with the best treatment for your specific condition. 

What treatments are available?
Once your eye doctor has examined you, the best course of treatment will be determined. Fortunately, you have plenty of options on how to treat Chronic Dry Eye depending on the severity of the discomfort:

  • Steroid Eye Drops
  • Restasis
  • Xiidra
  • Meibomian Gland Expression
  • Punctal Plugs

Contact Us here at Metro Eye Care for more information.